October 18, 2013

Yes...They bite!!!

Research On Gill Lice

Email from England I received recently from
Prof Geoff A Boxshall


Gill lice are parasitic crustaceans that pose no threat to humans.  They have a direct life cycle.  The females carry 2 egg sacs full of eggs which, in this species, hatch directly into infective larvae.  These are pretty small – in the range of 0.7 to 1.0 mm – and function to infect the new host.  They only attach to fish and, as you have found, can be quite specific to one fish host (or to a group of closely related hosts).  Once on the host the female attaches permanently by means of a small anchor process (the bulla) at the tip of her paired “arms”.  Movement is then limited so her feeding takes place on the gills within a circle defined by the length of the arms.  Females grow rapidly but this group has dwarf males that attach to, and fertilise, the females.  Females can produce a series of pairs of egg sacs until her stored supply of sperm runs out.

The direct life cycle means that infections can occasionally build up to serious level – as you seem to have.  As far as I know, no-one has directly attempted to control Salmincola species. For other parasitic copepods, such as sea lice (salmon lice etc.) chemicals are used in  external bath treatments (e.g. organophosphates or pyrethroids), but an alternative used for a decade or so was “slice” ®.  This is an “in feed” treatment, in the salmon food pellets, based on avermectin benzoate.  There have recently been reports of the evolution of resistance to avermectin.

I have no idea whether it would be possible or advisable to use such chemicals on Salmincola in fresh water.   I don’t think organophosphates would work because they rely on a knock-down effect (makes the sea lice fall off the fish) but Salmincola is permanently attached via the anchor process and would not fall off.  You would need advice from an expert in treatment – which I am not.

One complicating factor is that other free-living copepods are very abundant in freshwater plankton – and you don’t want to use chemicals that will impact the food chain in the habitat.

Geoff Boxshall

Prof Geoff A Boxshall FRS,
Department of Life Sciences,
Natural History Museum,
Cromwell Road,
London SW7 5BD,
Phone: +44-20-9742-5749

October 16, 2013

4 Seasons

Fall Colors Almost Past Peak

The colors in Crawford and Richland Counties were amazing today.  I don't believe they will last past this weekend with the cold and rain.

If you plan on going on a long drive this Saturday you will still find some amazing colors.

Puffball Mushrooms

Puffballs are easy to identify for the beginning mushroom hunter because there are no poisonous species.  The larger puffballs grow on composted soil and meadows. Puffballs fist-sized or larger are unmistakable.  Puffballs grow on the ground or on dead wood The best time for finding puffballs is in the fall.

They must be all-white inside. Any shade of yellow or purple makes them inedible .  When you cut a puffball open, you'll find no stem and no gills inside.
Peel the outside cover off before preparing. You can saute them, simmer them in soups, cook them with grainsDip slices in a batter of egg and milk and cover with bread crumbs seasoned with salt and pepper and fry them up in butter or oil.  They have a very earthy flavor and the unique taste will not disappear in a dish.

October 15, 2013

Struck Out Opening Day 2012




This hole was absolutely amazing in September of 2011 the last day of season.  Andy caught three nice browns and I batted clean up and caught 2 also.

I know the reasons why.

Why do you think we were skunked in this hole that was excellent the Fall before?

135 Days Until Opener!!!

Yes I said 135 days!!!!!

Wisconsin has the longest closed season of any of the Driftless Area states.

Iowa stays open year round and Minnesota opens on January 01.

These last 2 weeks of excellent weather could have been spent trout fishing here in Wisconsin.  The dog days of winter in February when I need a trout fix I should be able to fish Wisconsin.

Nope .....I have to wait until the first Saturday of March each year to go chase trout.
The snow is coming down hard in this photo and the trout are eager!  I love fishing in the snow.  I am the angler pictured.

October 14, 2013

136 Days Until Trout Opener!!!!

Seems like an eternity!!!

There Are ZERO Reasons Wisconsin Small Stream Trout Needs To Be Closed Now!

I hope the WDNR does the right thing when modifying the trout rules and extends season on both ends!!!!

My sources at the WDNR tell me that there will be no rule changes until Spring 2015.  When the rules are changed there is a strong possibility that season may be made longer on each end.

Anyone who has enjoyed the recent warm beautiful Fall weather must agree.  The old adage that the trout are on their spawning beds is incorrect.  Spawning does not start until November and is done by the end of December.  This also opens the door wide open to opening the season in January again.  I hope the WDNR big wigs decide that these changes are needed and are not swayed by special interest groups!!!

The Beard

I think my beard attracts fish or maybe it covers the majority of my face so the fish aren't repulsed by my ugly face. Whatever it is I believe bearded is the way to go.

October 13, 2013

Two Biggest Walleye Of My Life

25 years ago at the dam in Gays Mills.  A young angler with a black beard with a hint of grey. Walleye was caught on a size 13 orange husky jerk.

Warp forward 25 years at the dam in Gays Mills.  A middle aged angler with a totally grey beard. Walleye was caught on the biggest silver rattle trap.

Local Newspaper

Last Wednesday there was a photo of a nice walleye in the paper.  The editor decided to include me in the caption of some other guy's big fish glory photo.  It said:  The One Len Didn't Catch

I thought it quite odd and was a little torqued because of the raspberries the editor handed out.  If I had a nice walleye photo and submitted to a local newspaper...I would not want someone's name in the caption under my photo.

My cousin called me the same day and told me he talked to the guy that had caught the walleye.  The guy wanted that to be done in the caption.  It seemed odd to me and it kinda lite my fire about catching that walleye.  The guy even told my cousin the walleye was caught in a different place then the photo indicated.  All of this made a trip to Cabelas in order.

I contacted Joel Ballweg.  Joel is a walleye guide and I asked him what to buy for large walleye this time of the year.  100 dollars of walleye lures in my cart later I picked up a couple lures for pike.  I have not caught too many walleye there so I was not expecting much success.

I loaded two rigs in the vehicle.  I set up my trout rod exactly the way Joel had his rod/reel when I fished with him last year.  I thought I needed to have every advantage to try to catch this big walleye.

I cast for 20 minutes with the walleye rig with all the lures/jigs/plastics that Joel recommended.  I felt a little dejected because I am not good at walleye fishing.  Pike were my species of choice after trout.  Trout is closed so I picked up my pike rig and started throwing some big pike lures.  The big rattle trap I purchased went on first.

While at cabelas I saw a giant sized rattle trap in silver.  I believe it is the biggest size they carry.  I questioned to myself whether it may be too big for the pike in the Kickapoo River.  I then remember the giant pike from the last winter I had seen.  It went in the cart.

This huge lure had some serious weight so I could get some really good distance with my casts.  The tenth cast I had a hook up.  It was way out there.  At first I thought I had a decent sized trout on because of the head shakes it was doing.  I smiled to myself and thought this must be a really stupid trout to hit such a big lure and trout was closed too.

It quit head shaking and did some power runs and then came screaming right at shore. It got right in front of me and hunkered down and wouldn't come off the bottom.  I said out loud:  "Could I have hooked that big walleye from the paper?"  I quickly dismissed that because no smart huge walleye would hit a massive rattle trap.

When I emailed Joel he told me large lures in fall.  Most of the lures I purchased were just what Joel recommended.  This lure I had on was beyond large.  I thought maybe I had snagged a carp or trout.  Then I remember the head shakes I felt.  I knew it was a good hook up due to the head shakes.  These thoughts were racing through my mind in an instant.  I wanted to see what was on the line.

I put a little more pressure on the fish to get it to the surface.  I saw what I thought was a tail with a white spot on it.  Oh shoot!!!!  I had that big walleye on and I had just horsed it to the surface and it was barely hooked.

I toned down my battle attack so it would tire and not throw the hook.  After some gentle give and take the fat walleye slid in to the net. The net caught the lure and out it popped.  The walleye was in the net.

I looked at this fat pig walleye and was a little disappointed at its size.  The stories that had circulated around town and the newspaper account listed the walleye at 34 inches.  It was not 34 inches but it was the second biggest walleye I had ever caught in my life.

I had my camera there and took a couple photos of the fish in my net.  The photos didn't do the walleye justice.  I looked around and no one else was on the water.  I decided I was going to take a couple photos as good as I could.  I was kneeling to take the walleye out of the net for photos when I heard a voice yell at me.  I looked up on the bridge and there was my wife coming to see what I was doing.

My photographer had arrived just at the right time.  The planets had aligned perfectly today.  Huge walleye on a massive pike lure that was barely hooked and the wife showed up on cue to take photos.

I matched my photos of the eye with the one in the paper.  Both had the same tear in the back fin.  It was the exact same walleye.